The dumbbell emerged from old Greece and was named halteres.   The halteres were massive loads built of stone with a cavity for carrying and were used not only for weight-lifting, but also for long jumping drills. The Greek physician Galen also suggested the use of brackets for those affected with grout.

The romans used to use the halteres for their sports exercise, but they also vanished when the empire collapsed. In the 15th century, the dumbbell made a return as cylindrical loads with flat sides used for structured exercise.

By the 17th century, physical workouts were gaining momentum. In 1864, John Blundel published a book called “The Muscles and Their Story,” which helped popularize the dumbbells and made them a traditional exercise instrument.

Nowadays, the dumbbells are used for traditional exercises such as declined bicep curls, French presses, hammer curls, overhead tricep extensions, preacher curls, tricep kicks, flat and sloping chest presses, flat and sloping chest flies, side lifts, upright shoulder presses, front lift, rear flies, vertical rows, shrugs, lungs, partial squats, upright calf lifts, and single-leg calf lifts.

Below are some of the main types of dumbbells being used around the world.

Fixed Rubber Dumbbells

A set dumbbell is a dumbbell where the loads at the end are in a set location, which ensures that they cannot be shifted, removed or modified. A few materials are used for the production of set dumbbells, one of which is rubber.

You can purchase these for residential use, but they are widely used in commercial gyms because rubber materials are robust and can withstand a lot of regular brutality. Contrary to the dumbbells made of cast iron or chrome, rubber-plated dumbbells do not scratch, crack or fracture as easily and are less likely to affect the shelf on which they are mounted.

The grip, however, is usually a threaded piece of steel. Each form of dumbbell has advantages but standard rubber dumbbells, in general, are available in various colours and the size measurements are specifically marked around the outside of the weights.

Fixed Urethane Dumbbells

Fixed urethane dumbbells are very identical to their rubber equivalents, often indiscernible. However, the difference is reliability.

Urethane is substantially stronger than rubber so that urethane dumbbells can endure much more stress without experiencing as much superficial damage.

Fixed Hex Dumbbells

Hex dumbbells are known because their loads are in the form of a hexagon; this design gives them added support. They’re going to lay flat on the floor so you wouldn’t have to think about them moving backwards, and you’re also going to be able to do movements like dumbbell push-ups. Usually, these dumbbells are made of cast iron, which looks stunning. These dumbbells are not only strong, but are also priced cheaper than their rubber or urethane equivalents.

Studio Dumbbells

Studio dumbbells or vinyl dumbbells are dumbbells that are mainly used in lessons taught by coaches, used more during other activities. For this reason, the weight limit denomination for studio dumbbells is kept very low compared to other dumbbells.

These make perfect starter dumbbells, and they can also be introduced to certain exercises to make them a little bit more challenging. They are distributed in single pairs, but they can also be purchased in bulk.

These are some of the most common types of dumbbells in the market today. The ideal one for you will depend on your activity type.